primary eye care

How Do I Choose An IOL?

January 28th, 2020

Elderly couple smiling

A lot goes into preparing for cataract surgery. You need to attend several eye doctor appointments to watch the growth of your cataract.

You also need to follow preoperative instructions, and you need to know what you are going to do after the surgery. One of the most important parts of getting ready for the procedure is selecting an IOL.

An IOL is short for an intraocular lens. The IOL is what will give you clear vision after your cataract afflicted lens has been removed. There are several types of IOLs available.

Knowing how each kind of IOL functions is essential to picking the right IOL for your lifestyle. Keep reading to learn how to choose an IOL!

The Different Kinds of IOLs

There are two groups of IOLs: premium IOLs and the standard IOL. The standard IOL option is a monofocal IOL.

Monofocal IOLs

Monofocal IOLs provide clear sight at one predetermined distance, either near or far. With this IOL, you need to wear glasses after cataract surgery. This is to make up for the uncorrected distance.

The only real advantage of monofocal IOLs is that they are the cheapest option. You will continue being dependent on glasses with a monofocal IOL.

Premium IOLs

Premium IOLs are different because they allow for vision at several distances. They can even potentially correct previous refractive errors.

This means that you could end up with better vision than you’ve ever had before. What premium IOLs do not guarantee is full independence from glasses. At the very least, you will need glasses much less with these IOLs.

The first premium IOL option is multifocal IOLs. Multifocal IOLs function like other multi-focus lenses. They use the structure of the lens itself to correct incoming light.

The second premium IOL option is accommodating IOLs. Accommodating IOls are able to change focus by physically moving.

In this way, they act more like your natural lens. This IOL offers a smoother transition when changing focus.

The third premium IOL option is toric IOLs. Toric IOLs are the only IOL specifically designed for patients with astigmatism.

They are custom-fitted for patients with astigmatism.

If you want to reduce visual disturbances that can occur with other IOLs, you may want aspheric IOLs. Aspheric IOLs have a shape much closer to a natural lens. This allows for more natural vision.

What If I Don’t Like My IOL?

If you’re not happy with the IOL you chose, you can exchange your IOL for a different option. The procedure is as safe as it was the first time, although all kinds of surgery carry certain risks.

It is rare and unusual for a patient to be unhappy with the IOL they choose. It does happen on occasion. To prevent it from happening, we recommend having a conversation with your doctor.

They can recommend which IOL they think will be best for you. This is why it’s important to take your lifestyle and needs into consideration.

Choosing an IOL is an important decision that you should not make lightly.

Tired of living with cataracts that inhibit your vision? Schedule a cataract screening at Vision Care of Maine in Bangor, ME today!

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